The citrus smile: about tangerines, oranges, clementines and others

The citrus smile: about tangerines, oranges, clementines and others

 Tangerines, oranges, clementines, grapefruit, etc., we are again in luck with this temporality … you know some things are going (but will return) and others arrive ; and now begins the moment of citrus (among many other foods of autumn and winter)

For those who enjoy a good table, I do not know any more absurd question than those of the type which is your favorite dish and, in this case, your favorite fruit. At least it happens to me, that I am unable to give one, not even a dozen … at its point of ripeness, all the fruits seem exquisite . But it is also true that for oranges and citrus in general I have a particular predilection, I think I like everything I know or smell of orange, lemon, and so on. I like the citrus-inspired colonies, my daughters have a beautiful story called ” the beautiful mandarin ” and I enjoy as a dwarf of desserts and recipes that either roughly or more elaborately incorporate this type of elements (dark chocolate with orange , bitter orange marmalade of cachorreñas oranges , salads with orange or tangerine , baked loin with orange , etc.).

 

Juice vs. fruit.

<strong>Juice vs. fruit.</strong>

One of the most recurrent questions regarding these food items is whether a juice equals a serving of fruit , especially when it comes to oranges, which is the typical “juice” fruit. And the answer must be clear: NO . Let’s see why:

When you make a juice you use about three oranges (I know, it depends) and you drink in half a minute the calories of those three oranges while leaving much of the fiber in the juicer. However, when you eat orange, you eat one , with all your calories but no more , you take more time to do it than drinking a glass, which favors the increase of satiety and also you get all your fiber with all your Benefits. So, the juice, even if it is “natural” and made from fruit, is not fruit . For more reasons on whether a fruit juice equals a serving of fruit, I suggest you take a look at this GREP-AEDN positioning document . And since we are what contrasts in this link (and a shit fruit! ) The usefulness of those preparations that are sold especially for children and that supposedly equate to a serving of fruit.

 

Vitamin C and colds

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Another idea quite well installed among the general population is the fact that citrus fruits prevent or minimize the flu and catarrh processes, thanks to their contribution of vitamin C.

With this nutrient as the center of attention and the issue of colds and flu have been published countless scientific studies in which the vast majority do not observe these preventive benefits and, a few, it seems that yes. Fortunately, in a recent meta-analysis on this issue ( Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold ) whose conclusions are the following:

The failure of vitamin C supplements to reduce the incidence of colds in the normal population indicates that prophylaxis with mega-doses of this vitamin does not rationally justify its use in the general population . However, the evidence also shows that its use could be justified in people exposed to intense physical activity in cold environments for brief periods of time. […] Those studies in which vitamin C was used at the onset of colds as a possible therapy showed no benefit at doses of up to 4 grams per day [of vitamin C]. However, in a large study in which therapeutic doses of up to 8 grams were used, it showed positive but controversial results on this possible use at the onset of symptoms

Note 1: To give you an idea of ​​how much higher there are 4 and 8 grams of the intake recommendations for the general population regarding vitamin C, suffice it to say that these recommendations are specified at 75 and 90 mg / day.

Note 2: In any case, whether you have a cold or not, it is still more convenient to take an orange (or an apple or a persimón or …) than, say, a Swiss muffin.

In summary

There is no need to promote the consumption of fruit using for this the claim of their isolated nutrients, which would not stop being an expression of the well-known nutritionism .

The benefits of including an adequate proportion of fruit in our daily diet are more than contrasted to the point that, for example, WHO figures in 1.7 million deaths in the world directly attributable to low consumption of fruits and vegetables.

My advice is that to achieve that adequate consumption, that you resort to seasonal products , and the reasons are clear: these products are cheaper than at other times of the year, they gather all their best sensory qualities (they are richer) and you learn to follow a healthy variety without falling into boredom .

To de-stress a little with so many deaths and so on, I leave you with a hilarious monologue by Luis Piedrahita (like all yours) in which he starts wondering if the oranges are named for their color, or if the color “orange” “It is named for the color of oranges, and ends up raving on the skin of tangerines. A kind of what was before if the egg or the chicken but an orange-hilarious color.

If you want, before giving the “play” I suggest you go for some tangerines, or for an orange, and enjoy the double while you see it.

About thirty detainees and charged in a macrorredada by detours in the Diputació de Barcelona

  • A fraud in subsidies in the matter of international cooperation is investigated through different entities for a minimum value of two million euros
  • Macro police cooperation in Catalonia, latest news live
About thirty detainees and charged in a macrorredada by detours in the Diputació de Barcelona

The Economic and Fiscal Crime Unit ( UDEF ) of the Police and the Anticorruption Prosecutor’s Office launched a macro-operation this morning against the Diputació de Barcelona . The cause is open for the crimes of embezzlement, prevarication, negotiation prohibited to the public official, falsehood and fraud in subsidies destined to international cooperation between 2012 and 2015. Fraud in subsidies is investigated through different entities for a minimum value of two millions of euros .

At the moment there are about thirty detainees and accused , as confirmed by the Zoido Minister, among whom is the president of the CATmón Foundation Víctor Terradellas ; the former director of International Relations of the Diputació de Barcelona, Jordi Castells ; the mayor of Tordera, Joan Carles Garcia Cañizares; and the former mayor of Martorell and former president of the Diputació de Barcelona, Salvador Esteve . Zoido himself has ruled out for the moment that the diversion of funds is related to procés pro-independence.

In the framework of this case, which is secret, the magistrate has agreed to the practice of 20 entries and records in professional offices, offices, homes and businesses (including the Development Cooperation Office or the headquarters of the CATmón Foundation) located in Barcelona, ​​Manresa, Olot, Tordera, Cambrils and Reus, among others. To ensure the execution of entries and records, the police will make about thirty arrests. Nearly 500 police officers participate in the device.

The Court of Instruction No. 1 of Barcelona has been investigating a framework for more than a year for which a minimum of two million euros would have been defrauded through irregular subsidies in the field of development cooperation with countries in Latin America, Morocco or Bosnia , among others, from the Diputació de Barcelona through various entities between 2012 and 2015. The money defrauded was intended to provide technical assistance to developing countries, but did not reach its beneficiaries.

The headquarters of London Street in Barcelona, ​​where the services of legal assistance, international relations, the betting board and real estate management are, is one of the main points registered by the agents. In the Rambla de Catalunya building members of the UDEF interrogate Joan Carles García Cañizares , who is assisted by the lawyer Xavier Melero. In addition to mayor of Tordera, Garcia is also deputy delegate of Finance, Human Resources, Processes and Information Society and, formerly between 2011 and 2015, he was direct of International Relations of the Diputació de Barcelona.

As detailed by the Ministry of the Interior, among the irregular grants stand out those received by the not-for-profit entities CATmón and IGMAN. Only these two entities perceived between 2011 and 2015 more than 10 million euros from various Catalan public bodies, including the Diputació itself, so it is suspected that the fraud would be much higher .

Complaint for fraud

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The Diputació de Barcelona , chaired by Mercè Conesa, is not the first time it has been put in the glass for alleged subsidy fraud. Precisely, two years ago the CUP denounced to the Anti-Fraud Office of Catalonia that the Diputació de Barcelona had granted subsidies for development cooperation to companies and employers through contracts without advertising or competition, at least for one million euros.

The irregularities they denounced are focused on the granting of funds that supposedly had to be dedicated to international cooperation but that were allocated, between 2012 and 2015, to employers and companies that did not have previous experience in development cooperation and that would be in process of internationalization or conquest of markets in poor countries, especially in the Maghreb and Latin America.

Jordi Castells resigned in 2015 as a result of accusations in the press of having distributed more than one million euros of development cooperation irregularly between private companies and non-profit entities. In addition to the allegations of the CUP and the CGT union, there were also other anonymous complaints.

The president of the Diputació de Barcelona, ​​surprised with the operation

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The president of the Diputació de Barcelona, ​​Mercè Conesa, has confessed in RAC1 that they did not know anything about this operation and that the news in the media has caught them by surprise: “We have no idea in what sense the request can go of files they will make. ” Conesa does not see “any reason to stop me” and considers it a “media shock to show that Catalan institutions are not clear water”.

The Bank of Spain warns that a bank tax would reduce credit

The Bank of Spain warns that a bank tax would reduce credit

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Throughout this week, both the banking association AEB and the main entities (BBVA, CaixaBank and Bankia) have categorically rejected a tax that would be used to finance the pension deficit. Alonso opted to seek a “global” solution to the problem of pensions and not do so “sectorally”. Alonso came to warn that if an entity is not profitable recurrently, it is a “problem”, and recalled that it does not want to return to situations of the past, in reference to the bank rescue.

The supervisor warns of fraud and the speculative nature of the cryptoactives

On the other hand, the deputy governor avoided commenting on the information published on the investigation being conducted by the National Securities Market Commission (CNMV) about possible irregularities in Banco Popular’s 2016 accounts. According to Expansión, the CNMV detected “inaccurate data or not truthful or with misleading information or that omits relevant aspects “in the report of the accounts of 2016. In the same course, the president of the CNMV, Santiago Albella, declared that” it is a matter to which I referred in an appearance in the Congress in January. ” Albella added that the institution acts whenever it sees irregularities and recalled that it can lead to “very serious” infractions.

Both the head of the Bank of Spain and the CNMV referred to the rise of crypto-assets and cryptocurrencies. These are financial assets or currencies (such as bitcoin) that use blockchain technology (block chains) to operate. As the Bank of Spain has already done on several occasions, yesterday the deputy governor insisted that these types of assets have “a markedly speculative nature, without the backing of supervisors and susceptible to being subject to fraud or price manipulation.” Alonso added that “it is worrying that, in a context in which less than half of the population understands the concept of compound interest, there is such a demand for complex assets of these characteristics”.

Alonso also referred to a study on savings that states that “the second most common method, behind the current account, is money in cash, even in the highest ranges of education and income.” That same study reveals that 38% of respondents save in cash.

The CNMC wants to unify the regulation of tourist apartments

In addition, the CNMV denied that there is any advanced project on the table of a Spanish company to launch a cryptocurrency or cryptoactive. According to Albella, of the ten companies that have approached the agency to market one of these new alternative assets, among them, he quoted Nostrum, no one has completed it, adding that there are only a couple that seem reasonable. He also revealed that all these companies were told to explain the project to the CNMV. “There are people who say they are delighted and then do not return and others who say they are going to Switzerland and then there is no trace in Switzerland,” he said. Albella referred on several occasions without citing it to the project of the food chain Nostrum that has announced that it will commercialize a token-type cryptoactive system in its English terminology (Spanish vouchers, in Albella’s words). The president of the CNMV said that “the distribution of cryptoactives made on the basis of the Swiss regulator, Gibraltar or Malta” must go through “certain procedures” in Spain.

The course was also attended by the president of the National Commission of Markets and Competition (CNMC), José María Marín Quemada, who revealed that a work commission has been created with some regional and local administrations to unify the regulation on apartments tourist. Marín Quemada said that it is important “to have regulations that are as similar as possible throughout Spain”. He insisted in any case that this new regulation must force compliance with tax, labor and also security obligations. For Marín Quemada, it is a concern for the regulatory body that there is no harmonization in this new activity. In relation to other activities such as the regulation of new transport systems through VTC licenses, Marín Quemada stated that it is positive that competition increases.